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Language Reference
Frederick Townsend Ward
Encyclopedia Articles
Chinese Language
Chinese Architecture
China (in general)
Here are a few of the online sites visited by Yang Shen during the writing of the novel (many more
have disappeared from the Internet). Generally, they provide introductory information, reference
material, or interesting visuals of places and objects. Chinese language sites are indicated by
following the URL
[This category is a catchall for a variety of subjects.]
Chinese Classical Literature www.zhongwen.com/gudian.htm *
Chinese History Library www.cnd.org/fairbank/qing.html
China the Beautiful - Classical Chinese Art, Calligraphy, Poetry, History, Literature, and Philosophy

Encyclopedia Sinica (excerpts) www.talesofoldchina.com/shanghai/places/t-sinica.htm
Huangmei (Diao) on YouTube

Map of Chushan Archipelago www.maptown.cn/China/Map/MTg1MjUHoTeL/index.html *
Old Chinese Movies slumsofshaolin.blogspot.com/search/label/Movies
Old Towns of Kiangnan (Jiangnan) on YouTube

Qing (Ch’ing) Dynasty www.chinaknowledge.de/History/Qing/qing.html
Reference Works for Chinese Studies

Suchou Local Gazetteer
www.dfzb.suzhou.gov.cn/zsbl/List/16_1.Htm *
Historical Fiction About China http://oldchinabooks.com/yangshen/files/Historical_Fiction_About_China.pdf
[Sites contributing to some of the description in Yang Shen.]
Chinese House Architecture depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/home/3intrhme.htm
Chinese Roof Tile Figures www.ameurasiart.com/chinese_roof_tile_figures.htm
[Online language references and tools for working with the Chinese language.]
Chinese Character Dictionary www.mandarintools.com/chardict.html *
Chinese Character Dictionary Web zhongwen.com/zi.htm *
Chinese Characters and Culture zhongwen.com/ *
Chinese "Sayings" (Cheng-yu)

Chinese Text Sampler www-personal.umich.edu/~dporter/sampler/sampler.html *
Gao Yang's Hung-ding Shang-ren (text) www.millionbook.net/gt/g/gaoyang/hdsrhxy/index.html *
Guoyu Cidian (Mandarin Dictionary) dict.revised.moe.edu.tw/ *
Languages of China (dictionary) www.chinalanguage.com/dictionaries/?pageID=CharDict *
Marjorie Chan's China Links chinalinks.osu.edu/
MDGB Chinese-English English-Chinese Online Dictionary www.mdbg.net/chindict/chindict.php *
Online Chinese Tools www.mandarintools.com/
Romance of the Three Kingdoms www.angelibrary.com/oldies/sango/sanguo.html *
[Baidu has basic information on several of the characters in Book I.]
Baidu Chinese Wikipedia www.baidu.com/ *
Hsueh Huan at Baidu (Chinese online encyclopedia)http://baike.baidu.com/view/384934.htm *
Hua Erh (Ward) at Baidu (Chinese online encyclopedia) baike.baidu.com/view/139869.html *
Liu Hsun-kao at Baidu (Chinese online encyclopedia) baike.baidu.com/view/2115038.htm *
Wu Hsu at Baidu (Chinese online encyclopedia) baike.baidu.com/view/220446.htm *
Wu Hsu's documents: all about their discovery d.wanfangdata.com.cn/Periodical_ltsj200719055.aspx *
Yang Fang at Baidu (Chinese online encyclopedia) baike.baidu.com/view/384958.htm *
[Sites pertaining to Ward and Macanaya.]
Frederick Townsend Ward China Collection www.pem.org/library/collections/featured
Peabody Essex Museum www.pem.org
Vincente Macanaya balisongplayer.blogspot.com/2005_10_01_archive.html
19th Century
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